Dry Needling, Western And Traditional Acupuncture Defined
The following exert is taken from the Australian Society of Acupuncture Physiotherapists guidelines;
Dry Needling involves needling to altered or dysfunctional tissues in order to improve or restore function. This may include needling of myofascial trigger points and periosteum.
Western acupuncture utilises meridian points but applies it to ‘western’ reasoning with particular consideration to relevant neurophysiology and anatomy. Points are stimulated to create local, spinal segmental or supraspinal pain modulating effects.
Traditional Acupuncture utilises meridian or other traditional points based on a Traditional Chinese Medicine approach which includes diagnosis and clinical reasoning using various Chinese medicine assessment methods and treatment paradigms.
Physiotherapists may choose to practice using any one of the forms of acupuncture needling or may possess the skills to utilise the various forms in combination. Utilisation of any of the above needling techniques by physiotherapists is employed within the scope of physiotherapy and as part of an overall management approach.
The suggested minimum training is two days for an Introduction to Dry Needling or Western Acupuncture. The Level 1 APA course or equivalent is the suggested minimum training for Traditional Acupuncture (which equates to 150 hours of learning). Following the minimum training requirements physiotherapists are advised to complete 30 hours of continuing professional development (such as attending meetings, reading journals or attending workshops) on physiotherapy acupuncture over a three year period to remain competent in this field of practice.